Triple product sums of Catalan triangle numbers
By means of quadratic transformations for the well-poised hypergeometric series, several reduction and transformation formulae are derived for the triple product sums of Catalan triangle numbers. One of them confirms a conjecture made recently by Miana, Ohtsuka and Romero [18, 2017].
 X. Chen and W. Chu, Moments on Catalan numbers, J. Math. Anal. Appl. 349:2 (2009), 311–316.
 L. Comtet, Advanced Combinatorics, Dordrecht–Holland, The Netherlands, 1974.
 R. L. Graham – D. E. Knuth – O. Patashnik, Concrete Mathematics, Addison-Wesley Publ.
Company, Reading, Massachusetts, 1989.
 V. J. W. Guo – J. Zeng, Factors of binomial sums from the Catalan triangle, J. Number
Theory 130:1 (2010), 172–186.
 J. M. Guti´errez – M. A. Hern´andez – P. J. Miana – N. Romeroa, New identities in the Catalan
triangle, J. Math. Anal Appl. 341:1 (2008), 52–61.
 P. Hilton – J. Pedersen, Catalan numbers, their generalization and their uses, Math. Intelligencer
13 (1991), 64–75.
 T. Koshy, Catalan Numbers with Applications, Oxford University Press, New York, 2009.
 P. J. Miana, H. H. Ohtsuka and N. Romero, Sums of powers of Catalan triangle numbers, Discrete
Mathematics 340 (2017) 2388–2397.
 L. W. Shapiro, A Catalan triangle, Discrete Math. 14 (1976), 83–90.
 R. P. Stanley, Enumerative Combinatorics, vol. 2, Cambridge Univ. Press, 1999.
 A. Slavik, Identities with squares of binomial coefficients, Ars Combinatoria, 113 (2014),
 Y. Sun and F. Ma, Some new binomial sums related to the Catalan triangle, The Electronic
Journal of Combinatorics 21:1 (2014), #P1.33.
 J. Touchard, Sur certains equations functionnelles, Proc. Internat. Math. Congress (Toronto,
1928), Vol.1: 465–472.
 F. J. W. Whipple, Some transformations of generalized hypergeometric series, Proc. London
Math. Soc. (Ser.2) 26 (1927), 257–272.
This copyright statement was adapted from the statement for the University of Calgary Repository and from the statement for the Electronic Journal of Combinatorics (with permission).
The copyright policy for Contributions to Discrete Mathematics (CDM) is changed for all articles appearing in issues of the journal starting from Volume 15 Number 3.
Author(s) retain copyright over submissions published starting from Volume 15 number 3. When the author(s) indicate approval of the finalized version of the article provided by the technical editors of the journal and indicate approval, they grant to Contributions to Discrete Mathematics (CDM) a world-wide, irrevocable, royalty free, non-exclusive license as discribed below:
The author(s) grant to CDM the right to reproduce, translate (as defined below), and/or distribute the material, including the abstract, in print and electronic format, including but not limited to audio or video.
The author(s) agree that the journal may translate, without changing the content the material, to any medium or format for the purposes of preservation.
The author(s) also agree that the journal may keep more than one copy of the article for the purposes of security, back-up, and preservation.
In granting the journal this license the author(s) warrant that the work is their original work and that they have the right to grant the rights contained in this license.
The authors represent that the work does not, to the best of their knowledge, infringe upon anyone’s copyright.
If the work contains material for which the author(s) do not hold copyright, the author(s) represent that the unrestricted permission of the copyright holder(s) to grant CDM the rights required by this license has been obtained, and that such third-party owned material is clearly identified and acknowledged within the text or content of the work.
The author(s) agree to ensure, to the extent reasonably possible, that further publication of the Work, with the same or substantially the same content, will acknowledge prior publication in CDM.
The journal highly recommends that the work be published with a Creative Commons license. Unless otherwise arranged at the time the finalized version is approved and the licence granted with CDM, the work will appear with the CC-BY-ND logo. Here is the site to get more detail, and an excerpt from the site about the CC-BY-ND. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/
This license lets others reuse the work for any purpose, including commercially; however, it cannot be shared with others in adapted form, and credit must be provided to you.