Characterizing graph classes by intersections of neighborhoods
AbstractThe interplay between maxcliques (maximal cliques) and intersections of closed neighborhoods leads to new types of characterizations of several standard graph classes. For instance, being hereditary clique-Helly is equivalent to every nontrivial maxclique $Q$ containing the intersection of closed neighborhoods of two vertices of $Q$, and also to, in all induced subgraphs, every nontrivial maxclique containing a simplicial edge (an edge in a unique maxclique). Similarly, being trivially perfect is equivalent to every maxclique $Q$ containing the closed neighborhood of a vertex of $Q$, and also to, in all induced subgraphs, every maxclique containing a simplicial vertex. Maxcliques can be generalized to maximal cographs, yielding a new characterization of ptolemaic graphs.
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