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Mr Amador Annabell

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On The island of Kauai in Hawaii, there came a stage when park officials and community members agreed that the current sewage treatment in the Haena State Park was desecrating the cultural resources under it. The alternative was to install composting toilets instead. Also referred to as"comfort stations," these compost toilets rely upon a single wastewater system using a constructed wetlands type of sewage treatment. The Hawaii park system contains composting toilets in some other locations, such as the Na Pali Coast State Wilderness Park and Manuka State Wayside in south Hawaii.

"Our Division of State Parks uses composting toilets to provide a self indulgent sanitation facility in remote locations where it could be impractical to put in infrastructure (for example, electricity or water ) to support a sewer system which can pump out the sewer," states Public Information Officer Deborah Ward. "We might also put into a composting toilet if we lack adequate space to devote a sewer system"

With The whirlpool bathrooms, the waste is transferred to an elevated tank and biomatter, such as grass and leaves, is inserted into the sewage. These materials are mixed and above time decompose into compost, which is then recycled into the ecosystem in a place not accessed by the general public, Ward explains.

In 2007, if the Bronx Zoo in New York City was renovating its restrooms in the Bronx River Gate, it decided to go the eco-friendly path, in keeping with the zoo general conservation mission. The eco-restroom with compost toilets and energy-saving techniques is utilized by 60% of the zoo's 2 million visitors each year. "The 1,200-square-foot'green' restroom incorporates sustainable design strategies, like maximizing the use of daylight and minimizing electrical use, in addition to utilizing environmentally friendly materials and composting toilets," says Susan A. Chin, AIA, Wildlife Conservation Society's vice president of design and planning and chief architect. "The odorless composting units require very little water and produce clean and workable compost."

The Manner the compost toilets at the Bronx Zoo operate, traffic flush with foam and after use, and the waste travels right down to the composter, which contains organisms which help to break down it. These foam-flush bathrooms use only six ounces of water per use, says Amy Galvin, marketing planner for Clivus Multrum Inc., the company that set up the facility. Compared to conventional low-flow flushing toilets, that's a 97 percent savings. "Composting toilet systems remove the need for sewer connections and septic systems and the property that should be sacrificed for those items," Galvin says. Because of this, compost toilets can be placed in places where other waste treatment methods can't.

Logistically, For a facility to set up composting toilets, there has to be sufficient space underneath the flushing toilet - Visit website to adapt a composting tank, since gravity is the primary transport mechanism for the waste. "Either a restroom must have a basement place or the tanks can be put on the floor level with bathrooms on an upper floor," she says. She maintains that composting toilets have no longer a yuck factor concerning upkeep than a conventional toilet. "There is no flush and therefore no spray or splash from water in the bowl. The venting system pulls down all scents through the toiletsthereby preventing any scents in the restroom," she states.

Clivus Multrum is also installing mulch bathrooms in Prospect Park in Brooklyn, New York. Prospect Park architect Louise Smith says that they are planning to have four bathrooms and 2 urinals and that the composting toilets fit in the park's aim to implement a sustainable system. Two specific benefits, based on Smith, comprise not adding stress to the already overburdened city sewer system, in addition to using the composted material for farming requirements. The building drawings have just been finished, and they hope for construction completion in early 2012 with an entire cost of roughly $1.385 million. "The composting and gray-water system portion of the will total roughly $90,000 but this does not include the essential pipes and electrical connections," Smith states.

The Composting toilets look very similar to regular flushing toilet, as do the urinals, with one substantial maintenance difference. "it's quite important that green cleaning materials are utilized. Products like ammonia and other cleaning soaps traditionally used in public restrooms will kill the worms in the compost tanks which are a vital ingredient in the machine --if the worms die, the issue won't mulch correctly," Smith states. Other routine maintenance involves putting in wood chips periodically and carrying out the compost. For your comfort station at Prospect Park, it will be five to ten years until the compost needs to be eliminated.

There's Also the factor that compost toilets are a valuable Way to educate the general public about greener technology. Installing compost toilets and other eco friendly technology in park and recreations Facilities can provide great opportunities for teaching minutes with signage to Inform the general public regarding sustainability, Galvin says. This is exactly the Strategy the Bronx Zoo selected, with a series of signals describing how to use the Compost toilet in addition to signs explaining how the Water in the hand washing is funneled to water the plants in the garden. In Return, more than 90% of Bronx Zoo visitors surveys agreed that the Eco-restroom was entertaining, enlightening, and comfy.