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WASHINGTON -- A bill to alter the most water intake level of bathrooms from 1.6 gal. Per flush into 3.5 gpf was reintroduced in Congress. The law was pulled out of consideration in 1998 after failing to hit a vote so that the bill host began the procedure.

Joe Knollenberg, R-Mich., revived HR-623, "The Plumbing Standards Improvement Act of 1999," to amend the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1992 by repealing the 1.6 gpf necessity, formerly set at 3.5 gpf. The EPAct standardizes flow rates across the USA for showerheads, taps, toilets and urinals.

Knollenberg Introduced the subject to Congress in March 1997 (May 1997, pg. 5) after receiving hundreds of complaints from his constituents about the bad flushing skills of the low-flow bathrooms. The complaints prompted Knollenberg to find out more about the matter, a procedure where he detected that the EPAct requirement.

"Which Amount '1.6' is a random number," said Frank Maisano, manager of communications for Knollenberg's office, in 1997. "We did study and could not find any scientific basis for this number. We need a few we can encourage, so long as there's some research behind it to back it up."

A Study performed in early 1998, "Saving Water, Saving Dollars," concludes that the vast majority of users who use 1.6 gpf toilets are pleased with their bathroom's performance. Toilet producers and water conservation collections encouraged the analysis.

"(T)he Remarks recorded by 250 participants at a bathroom supply program at Austin, Texas, during the previous 3 months of 1997 discovered that 95 percent of those customers were satisfied or very happy with their brand new 1.6 gpf toilet," the analysis states.

Some Of those producers who supported the analysis and opposed Knollenberg's bill years past pose the most important opposition to the congressman in 1999. Twenty-four business organizations signed an announcement earlier this year encouraging the EPAct. The record cites recent droughts through the United States as great reasons for its low-flow standard.

"With More than half of indoor residential water usage occurring in the restroom, improved water efficiency in fresh bathrooms is essential to the majority of water conservation efforts," the analysis says. "Several distinct technologies are utilized in the most recent generation of water-efficient bathrooms in the marketplace nowadays. A lot of reports have revealed that the fantastic majority of homeowners that were surveyed are happy with the operation of the new bathrooms. Leading federal consumer publications have emphasized many models and brands that satisfy their performance evaluations, and utilities which foster the setup of water-efficient bathrooms have received several complaints."

One of The associations signing that statement would be the American Supply Association, the American Water Works Association, the Environmental Defense Fund, the Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors - National Association, the Natural Resources Defense Council and the Plumbing Manufacturers Institute.

Knollenberg Is attentive to the resistance he'll confront on the path to passing his laws, stated Trent Wisecup, spokesman for Knollenberg's office, in a meeting with CONTRACTOR.

"PMI In certain pulled all the stops to mobilize resistance," Wisecup explained. "Our difficulty is that the resistance is quite organized and strong. We have never been able to arrange the aid in favor of this laws. We are dealing with customers all around the nation, not wealthy manufacturers and organizations."

Numerous Manufacturers, along with the 24 organizations that signed the resistance statement, have also published statements and letters regarding the laws. Moen's letter (see Letters, pg. 43) says that it opposes the laws for many reasons including a prospective growth in power and water treatment costs.

The Moen letter also claims that a uniform flow demand permits producers to keep down production costs, and repeal of the benchmark would push product prices to contractors, wholesalers, contractors and finally the customer.

Despite The enormous resistance to Knollenberg's laws, the requirement for outlawed 3.5 gpf toilets was great enough to prompt customers to ask their builders to cross the Canadian border to buy 3.5 gpf toilets and smuggle them to the United States to put in in their houses.

CONTRACTOR Initial reported on this action in July 1998 (pg. 1). The EPAct made it illegal to allow producers to sell or make 3.5 gpf toilets in the USA, but Canadian sellers can still offer them for remodeling or remodeling jobs. Contractors who buy 3.5 gpf best flushing toilet reviews in Canada and deliver them to the USA do not violate the law till they pay off the bathrooms or put them on new building jobs.

Even Now, Canadian wholesalers and retailers are benefiting from this circumstance. Sid Awerbuck, owner of Veterans Plumbing and Supplies at Windsor, Ontario, advised CONTRACTOR he's seen steady increases in earnings of 3.5 gpf toilets for a couple of decades. In reality, Awerbuck put advertisements in Detroit papers together with the tag line "The finest Kept Secret at Michigan" to tempt American builders just a couple blocks to Canada to buy 3.5 gpf toilets from his institution's supply.

"I am Only using the free trade arrangement to encourage my organization," Awerbuck said. "We are Permitted to sell these products to anyone in the United Stated and Mexico. I adapting the public's requirement. It is not my fault that the United States moves stupid laws to Conserve water which make folks flush Their bathrooms three and two occasions that finishes Wasting water anyhow."